How Does Laser Skin Resurfacing Work?
Laser skin resurfacing and other rejuvenation procedures have improved tremendously over the years. Today, there are many choices available, like the fractional laser and others that will improve the look and feel of your complexion. A skin laser is a precision tool that can target specific cell types in different skin layers. Doctors can use a skin laser to remove surface skin cells or to penetrate deeper into the skin.
Laser resurfacing is a treatment to decrease facial wrinkles and skin irregularities, such as blemishes or acne scars.
The technique directs short, concentrated pulsating beams of light at irregular skin, precisely removing skin layer by layer. This popular procedure is also called lasabrasion, laser peel, or laser vaporization.
If you have fine lines or wrinkles around your eyes or mouth or on your forehead, shallow scars from acne or non-responsive skin after a facelift, then you may be a good candidate for laser skin resurfacing.
If you have acne or if you have very dark skin, you may not be a candidate. This technique is also not recommended for stretch marks. You should discuss whether laser resurfacing is right for you by consulting with the doctor before having the process done.
The two types of lasers most usually used in laser resurfacing are carbon dioxide (CO2) and erbium. Each laser vaporizes skin cells damaged at the surface-level.
CO2 Laser Resurfacing
This method has been used for years to treat different skin issues, including wrinkles, scars, warts, enlarged oil glands on the nose, and other situations.
The newest version of CO2 laser resurfacing (fractionated CO2) uses very short pulsed light energy (known as ultrapulse) or continuous light beams that are delivered in a scanning pattern to remove thin layers of skin with minimal heat damage. Recovery takes up to two weeks.
Erbium Laser Resurfacing
Erbium laser resurfacing is designed to remove surface-level and moderately deep lines and wrinkles on the face, hands, neck, or chest. One of the benefits of erbium laser resurfacing is minimal burning of surrounding tissue. This laser reasons fewer side effects -such as swelling, bruising, and redness – so your recovery time should be faster than with CO2 laser resurfacing. In some cases, recovery may only take one week.
Although skin resurfacing cannot produce perfect skin, it can get better the appearance of your skin. Potential risks of the procedure include:
- Burns or other injuries from the laser’s heat
- Changes in the skin’s pigmentation, including areas of darker or lighter skin
- Reactivating herpes cold sores
- Bacterial infection